August 11, 2022

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Influencer marketing, Germany: labelling as advertising in

[co-author: Efe Kökel]

Social media platforms have received sizeable significance in the discipline of on the net internet marketing in modern many years and prompted controversial legal thoughts. The German Federal Court docket of Justice (BGH) a short while ago dealt with these in a series of conclusions on influencer marketing and advertising and established specific prerequisites on labelling as promotion in social media posts. The Bigger District Court docket of Frankfurt a. M. has now also dominated on marketing labelling troubles on Web platforms (judgment of 19 Might 2022 – case no.: 6 U 56/21) and adopted the BGH scenario law in its judgment. This evolving circumstance law will most likely lead to an ever more specific lawful framework that could profit influencers and other events included.


The plaintiff is a publisher of print and on the internet publications, giving advertising in opposition to payment. The plaintiff also operates a user profile on the social media platform Instagram. The defendant is an influencer with a consumer profile on Instagram achieving around half a million followers. The grounds for the dispute ended up posts by the defendant on Instagram in which she presented a bundle of e-books worthy of € 1,300 working with vegan nourishment and acquiring been manufactured offered to her totally free of charge by the company of the e-publications. The defendant did not get any immediate economical remuneration. She connected the accounts of the supplying organization with so-identified as “faucet tags” without having making this recognizable as advertising and marketing. The District Courtroom of Frankfurt a. M. (LG Frankfurt a. M.) purchased the defendant to stop and desist from submitting the contents in question. The enchantment of the defendant was turned down by the Greater District Court docket of Frankfurt a. M. (OLG Frankfurt a. M.).

Final decision

The OLG Frankfurt a. M. upheld the judgment of the LG Frankfurt a. M.

1st, it turned down the defendant’s objection that the plaintiff’s stop-and-desist claims were abusive under Area 8c (2) of the German Unfair Competition Act (UWG). Relating to the amount of money of the worth in dispute claimed in the plaintiff’s warning letters (€ 100,000), the court significantly emphasized that this amount of money was not disproportionate due to the economic worth of the activity of influencers with a vast attain.

In addition, the court assumed a industrial act in favor of the defendant and the third-party organization which experienced supplied the e-publications to the defendant. The OLG justified its assumption that there was a industrial act in favor of the 3rd-bash enterprise by stating that the write-up experienced to be labeled as a “prototypical case of promoting excessive”, as it did not include any information-connected discussion of the products and solutions. The reference to the unique value of the solutions and to a discount also indicated “classic item marketing”.

The court viewed as the promotion of the 3rd-get together company by the submit to be an unfair commercial act pursuant to Area 5a (6) UWG (which is now since Might 2022 regulated in the new version of Section 5a (4) sentence 1 UWG). The court docket dominated that the regular buyer was not capable to recognize the professional connection involving the defendant and the 3rd-occasion organization, as the defendant did not sufficiently make clear these types of a link in its publish and consequently violated part 6 (1) no. 1 TMG of the German Telemedia Act (TMG) as nicely as portion 22 (1) sentence 1 of the German Point out Media Treaty (MStV). Nevertheless, the court docket dominated that there was no unfair competitiveness in the defendant’s article insofar as she promoted her possess company, given that the customer of the account would be ready to recognize that the defendant posted the products to improve the value of her very own graphic in her function as an influencer and as a result for commercial purposes.


The OLG based its assessment pertaining to the business act as effectively as the issue of unfair competitiveness on the modern case law of the BGH on influencer marketing and advertising (see our posting on the Influencer circumstance legislation of the BGH). Just after a extended time period of lawful uncertainty, a uniform scenario legislation appears to have advanced in the discipline of influencer and social media marketing and advertising, which must deliver extra certainty for all parties associated.

At the exact time we will be monitoring developments intently as it remains to be found irrespective of whether and to what extent the new edition of Area 5a (4) UWG, which recently came into drive, will have an effects on this business enterprise industry. This regulation now contains a provision on professional conversation as properly as a rebuttable presumption to the detriment of the human being acting in the program of its business.

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